Step-by-Step Guide – How to Make Candles

Step 1: Prepare the necessary materials.

First, gather all the necessary materials you will need to make candles. These include a double boiler, a Popsicle stick, some cotton string, some wax paper, and a mold for your candle. When preparing a mold, look for a used container, such as a milk carton or a tin can, and coat the inside with oil. Next, decide on what kind of wax you will be using for your candles. There are basically 3 kinds to choose from: paraffin wax, beeswax and soy wax. Of these, paraffin is most commonly used.

Step 2: Melt the wax.

Now that you have everything you need, you can start making the candle proper. Never heat wax directly; always use a double boiler. You can also make an improvised one, by placing a coffee can inside a pot containing some water. Place this set-up on the stove using high heat and start warming up the water. When you start heating, don’t let the water dry out; there should always be some water inside the pot. Cut the paraffin wax into small pieces and place it into the coffee can. Stir this mixture using a Popsicle stick or an old spoon. At this point, you can add scents or coloring if you want.

Step 3: Insert the wick.

Use some thick cotton string for the wick. Make it approximately 2 to 3 inches longer than your candle. Make a small hole at the bottom of the mold and thread the wick through. Plug the hole with a small piece of wax paper. Tie the opposite end of the wick to a pencil to help it stay in the center of the mold.

Step 4: Mold the wax.

Once the wax has melted, remove the coffee can from the pot. Allow the wax to cool down for several minutes. Next, pour it slowly into the mold, carefully leaving a small space at the top. Allow the wax to cool down for about a day.

Step 5: Remove the candle.

When the wax has hardened, slowly and carefully remove the candle from the mold. Ta-da! You have your very own candle!

How to Find Fine Arts and Crafts

*Arts and Crafts
What are ‘arts & crafts’? Generally, the term ‘arts & crafts’ refers to handmade products that have been designed individually with the intent of creating a piece of artwork or a decoration. Arts & crafts are deeply rooted in regional and ethnic cultures, so the specifics of what kinds of objects constitute arts & crafts varies greatly across the world.

*How long have arts and crafts been around?
The origin of arts & crafts can be found in simple bartering transactions; expert artisans and crafters would trade their skill for sustenance. The artisans and crafters would then pass their knowledge on to the next generation through an apprentice – an assistance who grew up with the artisan for the sole purpose of learning their trade. Artisans who passed their knowledge on in this manner include ironworkers, glass blowers, weavers and blacksmiths.

*How do you find arts and crafts?
Festivals and fairs are good destinations to look for arts & crafts. Many vendors will rent booths at these events in order to reach a wide audience. In addition to shows and fairs, permanent arts & crafts malls are also easy to find in most metropolitan areas. Frequently, these malls include a collection of semi-permanent booths rented out by multiple artisans and crafters.

*’Art’ and ‘Craft’
Art generally refers to fine arts, such as glass creations, paintings and sculptures. The people behind the creation of these objects have usually received formal training at art schools or have studied art through other programs. These art objects are usually expensive.

Crafts, on the other hand, are usually considered to be smaller in scale, or colloquially known as ‘grassroots’ in their creation. Those who create crafts are generally doing so based on passed down knowledge without any formal education. This of course does not mean that they are any less talented than artists. ‘Arts & crafts’ then is the merging of these two creative trends; grassroots objects made by highly skilled artisans and crafters.

*The most common arts & crafts objects
As stated above, there are literally countless variations and iterations of arts & crafts objects in the world. Nonetheless, most arts & crafts can be fitted into a few basic categories: handmade jewelry, pottery, woodworking, metalworking, and sculpture are some basic categories into which most arts & crafts can be assembled. Other common types of arts & crafts include cross-stitch, weaving, crochet, knitting, embroidery, patchwork, quilting, macramé, and others. Still more common types include ceramics, wood, metal, needlepoint & textiles, and glass works. Still others are based on paper and paper products, including scrapbooking, calligraphy, collages, paper mache, and origami.

*How do you find other arts and crafts collectors?
There are a number of national, regional, and local arts & crafts organizations that can provide both artisans and collectors a place where they can network and gain a sense of community. Some examples of popular organizations include the American Sewing Guild, the Arts & Crafts Society, the Black Crafters Guild, the Home Sewing Association, the National Art Materials Trade Association, the Canadian Craft & Hobby Association, the American Quilter’s Society, the Craft & Hobby Association (United States).